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Enhancing the capabilities of China in the field of nuclear safety in the areas of emergency management and the management of severe accidents

Enhancing the capabilities of China in the field of nuclear safety in the areas of emergency management and the management of severe accidents


The project implemented in 2014-2017 under the auspices of the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) has effectively supported the People’s Republic of China in enhancing their capacities and capabilities for the prevention and management of severe accidents and arrangements for emergency preparedness and response in the field of nuclear safety. The cooperation between EU and Chinese authorities aimed at improving the capabilities of key Chinese organizations to best international standards and practices by transferring European knowledge and experience in the field of nuclear safety. The project focused, on one hand, on assessing the current standards and arrangements for radiological and nuclear emergency management in China in the light of European and international experience for developing timely and effective airborne monitoring. On the other hand, it targeted the enhancement of the capabilities of the Chinese Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute in particular in the areas of severe accident management guidelines (SAMG) for plant shutdown conditions and damaged fuel in spent fuel storage ponds and of interfaces between SAMG and emergency operating procedures and on- and off-site emergency preparedness. This project (EU funding: 980 550 € / 7 603 184 CNY) started on October 2014 and ended successfully on October 2017 with the organization in Beijing of the final project meeting attended by the project Beneficiary, the Ministry of Commerce People’s Republic of China (MOFCOM) and the End-Users: the Chinese Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA), the National Nuclear Emergency Response Office (NNERO), the National Emergency Response Technical Assistance Centre (NNERTAC), the Chinese National Airborne Monitoring Centre for Nuclear Emergency (CNAMCNE) and the Chinese Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute (CNPRI). This project was effectively implemented by a Consortium of four companies IRE - IRE ELiT (Belgium, Institute for Radioelements and its subsidiary, Project Leader), SCK-CEN (Belgium, Nuclear Research Centre), Tecnatom (Spain, Global engineering company) and UJV Rez (Czech Republic, Nuclear Research Institute Rez plc). The project implementation consisted in the development of specific trainings, seminar and workshops in China as well as “on the job” training in EU of Chinese experts in the fields of interest. An assessment of the standards and arrangements for emergency management in China was prepared by the Contractor, and then discussed with Chinese experts during a workshop in Shanghai and a visit to the Spanish nuclear emergency centre. The discussions resulted in a set of sixty-five recommendations, improvements and best practices and guidance on how the weaknesses identified in emergency preparedness and response could be remedied in China. The Chinese capabilities for performing timely and effective radiological airborne monitoring were analysed during two workshops held in Shijiazhuang. The workshops were followed by the participation of several Chinese experts to an inter-comparison exercise in Belgium in May 2016. It allowed the Chinese experts to observe EU practice on airborne monitoring. Finally, one Chinese expert attended a 6-week (May to July 2016) on the job training at SCK•CEN (Belgium) that included work on calibration procedures, preparation and execution of one flight for executing airborne measurements near to a Belgian NPP as well as a car-borne measurements campaign to map part of a city using same equipment as for airborne measurements. Finally, EU experts provided eleven trainings in Shenzhen to Chinese experts on severe accident analysis and management, including topics such as source term calculations, estimation of re-criticality, severe accident codes (ATHLET-CD, COCOSYS, ASTEC, ATLAS) and severe accident management guidelines. In addition, an on-the-job training on containment analysis was attended by one Chinese expert in Czech Republic at UJV Rez facilities. The success of the project is the result of a productive partnership between the Chinese partners and the Consortium, the good communication between the different project stakeholders, the unique motivation of the Chinese End-Users and their willingness to enhance their capacities in the field of nuclear safety as well as their full support in the organization of the different training and workshops in China. The outcomes of this project will benefit both EU and Chinese organizations and will help in contributing to the enhancement of nuclear safety worldwide.

General Information

Enhancing the capabilities of China in the field of nuclear safety in the areas of emergency management and the management of severe accidents
€ 915.560,00
Budget year: 
Types of activities: 
Regulatory Authorities
RA - Regulatory Authorities
Duration (months): 
Contracting authority: 
European Commission
Partner (Beneficiary): 
The People’s Republic of China
IRE-EliT (Environment & Life science Technology)
CRIS number: 
Project reference: 
Decision number: 
Method of procurement: 
Service contracts - Exceptional Negotiated Procedure with a single offer
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Effective contract date: 
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